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3 . 2021



There are many theories that explain how adults learn and each has its own merits. This guide explains and explores the more commonly used ones and how they can be used to enhance student and faculty learning. The guide presents a model that combines many of the theories into a flow diagram which can be followed by anyone planning learning. The schema can be used at curriculum planning level, or at the level of individual learning. At each stage of the model, the guide identifies the responsibilities of both learner and educator. The role of the institution is to ensure that the time and resources are available to allow effective learning to happen. The guide is designed for those new to education, in the hope that it can unravel the difficulties in understanding and applying the common learning theories, whilst also creating opportunities for debate as to the best way they should be used.

Taylor D.C.M., Hamdy H. Adult learning theories: Implications for learning and teaching in medical education: AMEE Guide No. 83. Medical Teacher. 2013; 35: 11, el561-e1 572. DOI:

Conflict of interests. The authors declare no conflict of interests.


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Balkizov Zalim Zamirovich
Professor of the Department of Professional Education and Educational Technologies, Associate Professor of the Department of Hospital Surgery of the N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, member of the Coordinating Council for Personnel Policy of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Adviser to the President of the National Medical Chamber, Executive Secretary of the Commission for Accreditation of Continuing Medical Education Events in the National Medical Chamber, Secretary General of the Russian Society of Medical Specialists General Representative of the Association for Medical Education in Europe, General Director of GEOTAR-Med
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