Медицинское образование и профессиональное развитие № 2 (41) 2021

Medical Education and Professional Development

Medical Teachers? Community Journal

TThe Journal serves to consolidate medical teachers: it addresses the issues of practical teaching at the medical and pharmaceutical Universities and colleges, tracing the most progressive trends emerging in the fields of training modes and proficiency assessment to develop effective teaching and learning.

The Journal is expected to publish the translations of some most valuable articles from the foreign journals and books on the medical education, and in particular such journals like Medical Education, Medical Teacher etc.


Topic number
2 . 2021
Editorial

DEAR READERS!

Abstract
Professional Development

A NEW APPROACH TO THE INTERACTION OF THE TEACHER AND STUDENTS IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF A MEDICAL UNIVERSITY THROUGH PATTERNS

Abstract

There are different patterns of teacher-student interaction in the educational process. The article considers the opinion of students and analyzes the patterns of interaction between a teacher and students in a medical university that arise between them in the process of studying disciplines. Both negative and positive patterns that affect the educational process of a student in a medical university and the formation of a future specialist are identified.

GROUP INTERACTION OF POSTGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF DISTANCE LEARNING

Abstract

Distance learning quite successfully implements the functions of presenting information, access to any sources of information, test control, and video conferencing. However, the obvious advantages of distance learning technologies do not always compensate for the lack of social interaction of students in the course of classes, the need to form students' communicative competencies, teamwork skills. The article analyzes the experience of organizing remote group work of postgraduate medical students in the process of conducting practical classes using the method of «small groups» and group dynamics. Remote technologies made it possible to implement «learning in teams» and achieve the set learning goals.

Educational Technologies

AMEE GUIDE # 87. DEVELOPING QUESTIONNAIRES FOR EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

Abstract

In this AMEE Guide, we consider the design and development of self-administered surveys, commonly called questionnaires. Questionnaires are widely employed in medical education research. Unfortunately, the processes used to develop such questionnaires vary in quality and lack consistent, rigorous standards. Consequently, the quality of the questionnaires used in medical education research is highly variable. To address this problem, this AMEE Guide presents a systematic, seven-step process for designing high-quality questionnaires, with particular emphasis on developing survey scales. These seven steps do not address all aspects of survey design, nor do they represent the only way to develop a high-quality questionnaire. Instead, these steps synthesize multiple survey design techniques and organize them into a cohesive process for questionnaire developers of all levels. Addressing each of these steps systematically will improve the probabilities that survey designers will accurately measure what they intend to measure.

ROLE OF PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING IN MEDICAL EDUCATION

Abstract

A large number of studies have been published indicating the benefits of pedagogical approaches such as problem-based learning (PBL) and importance of developing professional qualifications of doctors in medical education. The aim of this review was to examine the worldwide literature on the relationship between PBL and professional development in senior medical students. In this regard, the authors conducted an analytical review of six electronic databases. They identified eight peer-reviewed full-text articles that were most appropriate for this analysis. As a result of this study, it was found that, despite extensive research into the development of professional qualities in medical education, there is not enough knowledge about how new types of pedagogical approaches, such as the PBL curriculum, affect the development of professional qualities in medical students.

APPLICATION OF CHECKLISTS TO ASSESS THE PRACTICAL SKILLS IN STUDENTS OF MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

Abstract

Professional competencies of a biochemist are formed during training at a medical university, in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education, specialty 30.05.01 “Medical Biochemistry". The lack of clear criteria for assessing practical skills did not allow to assess the mastery of practical skills objectively. Therefore, the problem of developing and implementing assessment tools for practical skills has become urgent in medical education. The article presents modern methodological approaches to the assessment of knowledge and skills among 3rd year students of the Faculty of Preventive Medicine and Medical Biochemistry in the discipline “Microbiology, Virology". We have demonstrated a variant of a situational task and a checklist, which allowed us to conduct an objective and comprehensive assessment of the professional skills, which would prepare a future medical graduate for the successful completion of the primary accreditation.

DISTANCE TEACHING OF HUMAN ANATOMY: MEDICAL STUDENTS’ OPINION

Abstract

In 2020 we conducted a study of medical students' opinion on distance Learning at the Department of human anatomy of the Ural State Medical University. We carried out a survey among 2nd year medical students of general medicine and pediatrics faculty (total 270 students). The results of the study allowed to identify the drawbacks in the teaching methods used during online classes in the form of videoconference and to offer the ways to improve the situation.

MODERN APPROACHES TO TEACHING POINT-OF-CARE ULTRASOUND PROGRAMS

Abstract

In the last decade the point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) diagnostic approach has proven its clinical effectiveness and therefore requires wider implementation in clinical practice of doctors of different specialities. This requirement sets before medical education the task of competent organization of educational process which seems to be difficult in the context of limited information on this issue. A review of modern world literature highlighting the problem of organizing training sessions for POCUS programs was carried out. The authors showed that training should include theoretical training in fundamentals of ultrasound diagnostics and technical aspects of corresponding protocol, and should be accompanied by skills training in simulated conditions. Practical part of the training should include work not only on a real ultrasound machine but also on a virtual simulator. The minimum required course duration is determined by the scanned area being studied. It was shown that formation of a skill requires an independent assessment of 25-50 scans of each of the studied areas. Regular application of the skill in practice is necessary to maintain it.

MEDICAL ANIMATION - A NEW APPROACH TO THE FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES IN STUDENTS

Abstract

The implementation of the doctrine of the competence-based approach in training doctors has led to the emergence of new requirements for educational programs at the level of a specialist, residency. Along with the traditional forms of education, new innovative educational technologies are emerging, with the help of which it is possible to increase the effectiveness of the formation of students' general cultural, general professional and professional competencies necessary for the implementation of professional activities. The transition from traditional teaching to hybrid pedagogical methods, including thematic animation, is a promising direction that can significantly improve student learning.

PRACTICE-ORIENTED APPROACH TO TEACHING MICROBIOLOGY AT THE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

Abstract

In the article possibilities and advantages of a practice-oriented approach to teaching the course of microbiology are substantiated. The paper provides an overview of various methods used in the study of medical microbiology at the Krasnoyarsk State Medical University for enhancing cognitive activity of students in the educational process.

Experience

THE EXPERIENCE OF E-LEARNING AND PROFESSIONALLY ORIENTED IT-TECHNOLOGIES IMPLEMENTATION IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF A MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

Abstract

In the article promising directions and problems of e-learning and professionally oriented IT-technologies implementation in the educational process of a medical university are discussed. An overview of the installed specialized software products is given. The main tasks and conditions for formation of a knowledge management system in the field of university education are considered.

EXPERIENCE OF DISTANCE LEARNING AT THE DEPARTMENT OF MICROBIOLOGY, VIROLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AT THE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

Abstract

In the article experience of using distance learning technologies at the Department of Microbiology, Virology, Immunology of the Orenburg State Medical University is represented. Positive and negative aspects of distance learning were analyzed. It was concluded that a full transition to distance learning is possible only as an emergency measure. Distance learning technologies, despite their importance, can be used in a medical university only as an additional form of education.

VARIOUS

FEATURES OF ACCREDITATION IN 2021

Abstract

In context of fight against new coronavirus infection COVID-19 and increased risk of its wider spread in the Russian healthcare system decisions were promptly made that entailed elements of structural changes including in the system of highly-qualified specialists' training. Using the example of oncologists, the authors described in detail features of accreditation of medical workers in 2021. The authors believe that wide coverage of objective information, which is based on legislative acts, will significantly increase efficiency of accreditation procedure for specialists, as well as relieve social tension which is caused tension caused by the dissemination of inaccurate information.

NEW PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR OVERCOMING CRISIS OF CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION AND CHALLENGES FACED BY DOCTORS WORKING IN THE REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

Abstract

In the article experience of the Fund for Armenian Relief (FAR) in developing a local program of continuing medical education (CME) for doctors working in the regions of the Republic of Armenia is reviewed. Objectives and results of this project are represented. The program offers advanced knowledge to doctors working in the regions without the need to travel outside the country or burdensome additional costs.Fund for Armenian Relief, continuing medical education programs, doctors in the regions, educational programs for doctors. The CME FAR program is an innovative way to spread knowledge of Armenian doctors upon returning home after participating in educational programs abroad, which helps to solve the problems faced by doctors working in the regions.

Ronald Harden’s Blog

RONALD HARDEN`S BLOG

Abstract
CHIEF EDITOR
CHIEF EDITOR
Balkizov Zalim Zamirovich
MD, PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Hospital Surgery No 1, «N.I. Pirogov Russian Federationn National Research Medical University» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federationn Federation, General Director of LLC "GEOTAR-Med", AMEE Ambassador for USSR countries, Chairman Of the Organizing Committee of the Forum "ROSMEDOBR", Member of the European Simulation Society (SESAM) and the American Medical Simulation Community (SSH) (Moscow, Russian Federation)
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